First Peoples Buffalo Jump

(formerly Ulm Pishkun)

First Peoples Buffalo Jump State Park exists to protect and interpret a place where, for over 600 years, Plains Indians gathered herds of bison and then stampeded the animals off what is commonly called a buffalo jump or “pishkun”.  Pishkun comes from a Blackfeet Indian word loosely translated as “deep blood kettle.” Pishkuns were essential for early Indian survival.

At 1 mile long, First Peoples Buffalo Jump, located about fifteen miles southwest of Great Falls, Montana (near the town of Ulm), is considered one of the largest in North America.  Carbon-dating of projectile points suggests that this site was used as early as a.d. 1000.  Beginning in the early 1700s, when horses brought to the New World by Spanish conquistadors made their way to the Great Plains, Indians began to hunt bison more effectively from horseback. After the arrival of the horse, First Peoples Buffalo Jump and other pishkuns throughout the region fell into disuse.

At First Peoples Buffalo Jump today you will find an informative visitor center and an active prairie dog community.  The top of the jump provides panoramic views of the Rocky Mountain Front, the Missouri River valley, and the buttes and grasslands that characterize this High Plains setting.

(Source:  “Montana Outdoors”,  September/October 2003)

CALCTHF Newsletters

“Golden Notes”

Our Chapter’s newsletter, Golden Notes, is published and mailed to Chapter members either on a semi-annual or quarterly basis depending on the availability of funds to cover our printing and mailing costs and the amount of content that is available to the newsletter editor.  If semi-annually, the publication dates will be January and July.  If quarterly, the publication dates will be January, April, July, and October. 

You are encouraged to submit articles, letters and other information that you would like to appear.  However, in order to meet our publication dates, the following submission deadlines will apply:

  1. BulletDecember 1 for the January Issue

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2433 Emerson St

Palo Alto CA 94301-4221

Electronic format is preferred.  Electronic submissions should be in text format using either your email application or a text processing application such as Microsoft WORD.  Graphic information should be submitted in .jpg format whenever possible.

Please note that space limitations may prevent all submissions to be included in the next issue.   The newsletter editor also reserves the right to edit submissions for length, accuracy, and clarity.

View Online or Download in PDF

Current and past issues of our newsletter (after 2005) are available for online viewing or download in PDF format..  These files can, at times, be rather large (1.5-15.0 MB).  Depending on the speed of your Internet connection, it may take several seconds before they appear on your screen.  A high-speed Internet connection is highly recommended.  

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Other Chapter Newsletters

There are thirty-two chapters’s associated with the Lewis and Clark Trail Heritage Foundation.  Some of these chapters also publish newsletters.  They may be viewed and downloaded (in PDF format) by clicking here.

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(updated 1/15/20)

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Ken Jutzi
Ken Jutzi